20 Incredible Facts About Indian History

Incredible Facts About Indian History

India, or Bharatvarsha, has a history that goes back thousands of years. There are so many remarkable things about Indian history that it can be hard to know where to begin! Everyone should look up to India’s culture and history.

The Vedic Era (1500 BC to 500 AD) is when the foundations of Indian society were laid. It all started in the Indus Valley Civilization (in present-day Pakistan) where small kingdoms came into existence. Together they evolved into ruling empires, later known as the Mauryans, Guptas and the Mughals. These empires have left everlasting marks on India and its people.

India is a very diverse country with so many languages, regions, religions and communities. In this article, we’re going to share 20 incredible facts about Indian history that will help you gain a better understanding of this magnificent land, its people and its traditions.

India’s cultural heritage is rich and varied. It is blessed with a rich heritage value that remains unparalleled. Here are the 20 incredible facts about Indian History you must know:

Facts About Indian History

1. Largest Importer of Arms

India is the largest importer of arms

The Indian Government has announced that India is the largest importer of arms in the world. With the escalation of situations between India and Pakistan, China, and Sri Lanka and the strong presence of insurgent groups in areas such as Jammu & Kashmir that border Pakistan; keeping the region secure is a huge challenge for both India and Pakistan.

Both countries import from countries as diverse as France, Germany, USA, Russia and China. It could be for upgrading their existing inventory or to replace equipment stolen or damaged during counter-insurgency operations by insurgents.

Some people don’t know this but India is the largest importer of arms in the world. According to a report published by Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses, during the period 2010-2015, India was found to be importing 56% of arms, the highest among countries across the globe.

It has been revealed that India has spent almost $17 billion in importing arms in a span of five years i.e. between 2011-2015.

In 2021, India became the second-largest importer of arms in the World but it has never invaded or attacked any country.

2. India Never Invaded Any Country

India is considered part of the world’s most ancient civilizations. Since antiquity, India has been invaded no less than 17 times. In just the past 700 years, there were 13 major invasions. During these invasions, India was controlled by a number of foreign dynasties and monarchs.

India has an ancient history of more than 10,000 years. The country has given birth to a rich cultural heritage, which is admired the world over in countries like the U.S., Europe and China.

India’s geographical position and its enormous size meant that it came into conflict with its neighbours from time to time. But never did India ever try to invade or conquer any country or force any other country to submit to Indian rule.

All this is clearly documented in modern history books as well as ancient history books.

In the last 10000 years of history, India never invaded any country.

3. Sanskrit is the mother of all the Languages

Sanskrit is the mother of all the languages

Sanskrit is the mother of all European languages. It is also the most suitable computer software and programming language, reported in Forbes magazine, July 1987.

There is one language that dates back to the time of the ancient Egyptians and it is still used today. This language, known as Sanskrit, is the root language of all other European languages, yet there are less than 50,000 people who speak it.

It at one time was the international language of commerce and science, and this has been said to be even more sophisticated than any other language, including Greek or Latin.

4. World’s Highest Battlefield

Siachin battlefield is the highest battlefield in the world

The Siachin battlefield is the highest battlefield in the world. It is controlled by India.

It is located at an altitude of 15000 feet in Siachen, the north-eastern part of Kashmir also known as the granite mountain. Where no life can sustain due to its hostile weather, which leads to high winds, low temperatures and heavy snowfall.

To give you a glimpse of how high it is, the military base there can be seen from five different provinces of Pakistan.

But what makes Siachin the highest battlefield in the world?

It is so because it is in the Himalayas and snow covers the whole region even at the peak of summer.

The mountain peaks here reach heights of over 6,000m, some higher than Nanga Parbat and K-2.

5. The Richest Country in the World

India was the wealthiest country in the world

If you think about it, modern India is still underdeveloped and has poverty. But India was the richest country on the earth until the time of the British invasion in the early 17th Century.

This fact is not known to many people. The truth is that India was a superpower before its colonization by Britain.

India was so rich because it had a lot of precious stones like diamonds and rubies. These were exported to other countries like Europe and China where they were used as jewellery.

India also exported spices such as pepper, cardamom and cinnamon which were used as food items in many countries around the world.

In addition to these natural resources, India had a large population at that time due to its high birth rate which made it easier for them to produce more goods for export than any other country in history including China or Persia (present-day Iran).

The British took advantage of this situation by invading India with their superior military strength at that time and colonized it completely by force without any resistance from its citizens who were busy fighting amongst themselves over religious issues instead of focusing on protecting their own homeland from foreign invaders!

6. The Biggest Vegetarian Population

The Biggest Vegetarian Population

India is the second-largest country in terms of population, a total of 1.35 billion people, and the biggest population of vegetarians in the world.

How did this vegetarian love affair begin?

The ancient religion of Hinduism promotes nonviolence toward animals.

The large population of vegetarians in India is the result of the region’s long-standing attachment to Hindu philosophy.

There are more than twice as many vegetarians as there are vegans in India!

7. The Art of Navigation


The art of Navigation was born in India during Indus Valley Civilisation 6000 years ago. The very word “Navigation” is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.

We Indian people used to be excellent navigators and had developed a scientific method for navigation which is still to be understood by the modern science establishments.

8. Largest Producer of Tea

Largest Producer of Tea

India is the largest producer of tea in the world with 70% of its tea coming from small scale growers. It is served in nearly every country of the world even in war-torn areas.

The tea plants are native to India, and it is often said that tea was discovered by a sick Indian hermit named Bodhidharma who had to walk all the way to China for a herbal cure, after which he felt so good that he drank his first cup of tea.

Whether or not this story is true, Indians were the first to cultivate and drink tea, and theirs was the most consumed brew in Asia.

9. Origin of Martial-Arts

Martial-Arts Originated in India

Martial arts is probably the most popular form of fighting in the world, known for its’ fast strikes and amazing kicks. There is such a wide range of martial arts out there, that include Karate, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, Judo, Boxing, Kung-fu and more.

However, these martial arts weren’t invented in our time. They have been around for so many years ago (some even before our civilization) and have spread across Asian countries due to Buddhist missionaries.

Have you ever wondered where Martial-Arts originated from?

Martial Arts first originated in India and later spread across Asian countries like Korea, Japan, and China by Buddhist missionaries.

10. Origin of Sikhism

Sikhism originated in India

Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar, Punjab. Sikhism is the last religion created by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. He was the first Sikh Guru.

It all started when Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in 1469 CE. He was born into a Hindu family and raised to follow Hindu customs.

When he became an adult, he began questioning some of the practices and rituals of Hinduism. This led him to give up his family life, in search of truth and enlightenment. He founded Sikhism in the year 1469 and has continued to this day.

The word Sikhism is derived from the Sanskrit word सिख (Sikha) which means “disciple”. It was later changed to सिखी (Sikhī) to make it easier for people to pronounce and understand. This resulted in the English word Sikhism or Sikh. Sikhs also refer to their religious heritage and faith as Gurū-kī-Pāṇī-astād (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਕੀ ਪਾਣੀ ਅਸਤਾਦ). This is simply translated as “Sikh way of life”.

A Sikh by faith is a person who has, irrespective of caste or creed, accepted Guru Nanak as an apostle and successor of Sri Krishna and other religious teachers such as Buddha and Jesus Christ.

11. The ‘Lonar Lake’

The Lonar Lake

India is called the land of many Lakes.

One recent discovery was the ‘Lonar Lake’ in the Buldhana District.

The lake was officially discovered in the past few years, but it gained prominence recently after scientists found that it was created approximately 52,000 years ago when a meteorite fell and disappeared into the earth.

12. The First Granite Temple

Brihadeeswara Temple - The First Granite Temple

Brihadeeswara Temple is a monument dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated in Thanjavur and is often referred to as the “Big Temple” of Tamil Nadu.

The magnificent Brihadeswara Temple is the first granite temple in the world which was built in just 5 years during the reign of Rajaraja Chola in the 11th century. The temple is situated in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (INDIA).

It is recognized as one of the oldest and largest temples in India. And it’s all thanks to the brilliant architect Raja Raja, who had a splendid idea that would help him build this magnificent stupendous temple

13. Most Advanced Civilization

Indus valley civilization - the most advanced civilization

The Indus valley civilization was one of the most advanced and the oldest civilizations in the World.

It thrived around the fertile Indus River basin, which comprises most of modern-day Pakistan and Northwestern India, for almost half a millennium — possibly from 3300 to 1300 BCE.

Civilization was very advanced in terms of infrastructure, town planning, etc. In comparison to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Indus valley was considered the most widespread civilization.

14. World’s Largest Religious Pilgrimage Destination

World's Largest Religious Pilgrimage Destination

The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi is the world’s largest religious pilgrimage destination. The temple is larger than both Rome and Mecca.

This temple was built in the 10th century, making it one of the oldest religious places in the world. On average, the temple gets $6 million (US) from 30,000 visitors who come to donate.

15. Wettest Place on Earth

Mawsynram - Wettest Place on Earth

Mawsynram, Meghalaya in India is the wettest place with 11,871 mm of average rainfall. The Wettest Place on Earth is Mawsynram, in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya State, India.

It gets an average rainfall of 11,871 millimetres (467 inches) a year, which is among the heaviest anywhere and compares to 70 times that of New York City.

16. Kamasutra

In around 400BC, Vātsyāyana wrote ancient literature called “Kama Sutra” which gives detailed information on the philosophy of love.

The text is divided into seven parts, each focusing on a different aspect of relationships: from attraction to seduction to sex.

The book is still considered relevant today by many scholars and lovers alike!

17. Origin of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism

Origin of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism

The four religions were born in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

Hinduism: Hinduism has been practised since the very beginning. It includes the beliefs and practices of Sanatan Dharma following the Vedas, Grantha, Upanishad and other ancient texts.

The two main branches of Hinduism are Vaishnavism and Shaivism. The former worship Vishnu or his incarnations, whereas Shaivism worships Shiva or his incarnations. Both sects share some beliefs such as a belief in rebirth and karma.

Buddhism: is a religion that originated in India around 500 BC, founded by Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Buddha).

It teaches that suffering is caused by selfish desire leading to greed and hatred; thus, one must free oneself from these causes to achieve enlightenment (Nibbana).

Buddhists believe that this can be accomplished through meditation (dhyana).

Jainism: is another religion that originated in India around 500 BC, founded by Mahavira who was born as Vardhamana Jnatrputra at Rajgriha in Bihar state.

It teaches non-violence to all living beings as well as abstinence from killing any life form whatsoever including insects

18. Anesthesia


Anaesthesia was first started in India. It was well-known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, digestion, embryology, aetiology, genetics, immunity, metabolism and physiology was also found in many ancient Indian texts.

The earliest reference to the use of anaesthesia is found in the Rigveda Samhita (10:75:7), which dates back to 1500 BC.

In this verse, it is said that when they were cutting up a dead body to perform the last rites of cremation, they used some kind of plant extract to relieve pain and discomfort during surgery.

The plant extract used must have contained an active ingredient that could relieve pain effectively.

19. Earth Orbit Around Sun

Revolution of the earth

Bhaskaracharya was the first who rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit around the sun. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.

He also calculated the orbits of other planets around the sun and also gave their approximate distances from the centre of our Milky Way galaxy.

After him, many scholars made some improvements in their calculations but still, none of them came close to Bhaskaracharya’s calculation for Earth’s orbital period around Sun.

20. World’s First University

World's First University

The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. The university was built by Chanakya, who was the teacher of Chandragupta Maurya. The students were taught about politics and economics. The university had a large library which contained many books on different subjects.

Chanakya wanted to create an institute where students could learn about different subjects like politics, economics and science. He wanted them to learn how to read and write Sanskrit and Persian languages as well as mathematics and astronomy. He also wanted them to understand how the world worked so that they could govern it well after they graduated from university.

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Written by Team Factend

Factend is a media property that strives to engage people through news, entertainment, facts, general knowledge, thoughts, and quizzes on a variety of topics like Sports, History, Science and Technology.


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