Ancient India was one of the pioneers of science in the world. If we talk about Indian discoveries and inventions, namely Agriculture, Astronomy, Architecture, Metallurgy, Mathematics or Medicine, India was at the forefront, especially when compared to other countries.
On top of that, India is the ancient civilization in the whole world. It won’t be wrong to say that owing to so many ancient Indian inventions, the modern world is able to reach the Moon and now gearing to reach Mars.
We are sure you are amazed!
That’s why today we rounded up a list of the top 20 Indian inventions that still impact the lives of billions of people in the world.
Top 20 Indian Discoveries & Inventions
1. The “ZERO”
The ‘Zero’ in the number system was invented in India by a mathematician called “Aryabhatta”.
2. Decimal System
The decimal system and place value system were invented in India around 100 B.C.
Algebra, Calculus, and Trigonometry were also developed in India.
Chess was also invented in India and was originally called Chaturanga. According to ancient books and sagas, Chess was first invented in the 6th century AD. The modern version of Chess that we are used to today is said to be introduced by the Persians.
Yoga originated from India 5000 years ago and it is still in existence. Stone-carved Yoga postures can still be found in Indus Valley that depicts the original Yoga poses and practices.
Ayurveda that helps people attain good health and living was also invented in India 5000 years ago.
7. World’s First University
The first ever university in the world, Takshashila was started in India during the Mauryan Empire under the guidance of Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya.
8. Origin of Buddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and Jainism are two religions that developed in Magadha (Bihar), India and continue to thrive in the modern age.
9. Snakes and Ladders
Poet Saint Gyandev invented Snakes and Ladders game in the 13th century in India. The ladders represent the virtues while the snakes indicate vices.
10. Plastic surgery
Plastic surgery was being carried out in India as early as 2000 BC. Sushruta was a physician who made a contribution to this field of plastic and cataract surgery. Eventually, he was credited with being the father of surgery around 600 BC. Books written by Sushruta made modern-day plastic surgery possible in European countries later.
11. Super Computer
Apart from the U.S. and Japan, India is the only country to build a supercomputer indigenously.
12. Wireless Communication
Wireless communication was first invented in India by Jagdish Chandra Bose. He was the first person to demonstrate the use of radio waves for communication.
13. Leprosy and Lithiasis Cure
Cure for leprosy and lithiasis were invented in India. The cure is mentioned in Atharva Veda (1500–1200 BCE), though its inventor’s name remains unknown.
14. The USB (Universal Serial Bus)
A man with many accolades under his belt, Ajay V. Bhatt invented the USB (Universal Serial Bus). A device that is capable of storing large chunks of data and information and easy to carry and use.
15. Computer Software
India is one of the largest providers of computer software. More than 90 countries buy software from India.
16. The Science Day
Switzerland has declared May 26 as “The Science Day” in honour of Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam.
17. Natural Fiber
Natural fibers, such as jute, cotton, and wool, they all were originated in India during Indus Valley Civilisation.
Buttons were first invented in India during Indus Valley Civilisation in 2000 BCE. Somewhat 5,000 years ago they made buttons using seashells by giving them a geometrical shape with tiny holes bored into them.
Shampoo the term has derived from the word “Champoo” was invented in 1762 in the eastern parts of India.
20. The Baily Bridge
The Baily Bridge “highest bridge in the world” was built by Indian Army.
Also read: 20 Amazing Facts About India
How many of these great Indian discoveries and inventions did you already know?